Life Before Smartphones

We used to have to do so many things separately, using different modes of communication, and now we can take care of everything all from the little, powerful device we carry with us in our pockets and handbags.

Here are 13 things you relied upon before the digital age, including smartphones and the Internet, which you can now use your smartphone for:

1. Landline and Basic Cell Phones

Before smartphones, you relied on your landline phone more than anything. It was a simpler time. You remembered all of your friends’ phone numbers and got caught up with having to talk to their parents when they answered the phone. It was like playing phone call roulette, which was super awkward when you were trying to get a hold of your middle school girlfriend.

Now you’re able to call, text, video chat, Facebook, Tweet, Snapchat (etc.) all of the important people in your life right from your smartphone. There are so many easy ways to stay in touch.

2. Address Books

Speaking of landline phones, does anybody remember having an address and phone number book that became the most important document you had in your home. It was jam-packed full of friend and family contact information, and if you misplaced it you would be completely lost.




Enter: smartphones with automatic backup. Now, even if you do accidentally lose, break, or drown your phone, all of your contact information is safe for eternity. Hallelujah.

3. Fax Machines

Do you all remember those years where fax machines were relevant and necessary? They instantly became public enemy number one in all workplaces because of how unreliable and frustrating sending and receiving fax was.




Did you know, now you can download an app on your smartphone that allows you to scan your important documents and securely send them via email? Seriously, is there anything your smartphone can’t do?!

4. Meeting Places

This is probably one of the cooler things to happen before technology took over the world. Once upon a time, a group of people had to plan meeting places to hang out. They would call each other on their landline to make plans or agree to something earlier that day, or even days in advance, and then by the power of the universe, they would just show up to these meeting places at the appropriate time. Or, you know, they didn’t show up, and you had no way of contacting them.

Now, with smartphones, everybody can get into contact with you no matter where you are at. Two minutes late to that lunch date? Expect a phone call, text, and Tweet about you.

5. Newspapers, Magazines and Paperback Books

Print media used to be ALL the rage. Everybody subscribed to their local newspaper, a handful of magazines that were relevant to their interests, and had bookshelves full of books. Stacks of newspapers and magazines could be found in any home.




Now everything is online, and conveniently on all of your smart devices. You can subscribe to your favorite newspapers, magazines, and books and read them wherever you are. Not to mention, Twitter, Google, and Facebook have nationwide media covered!

6. Mailed Letters

Once upon a time checking the mailbox used to be awesome. Not only did your daily mail include your newspaper and magazine subscriptions, but you also used to get real letters and not just bills, advertisements, and, um, more bills?!

There are just so many easier and faster ways to get into contact than the day or two it takes to deliver a letter. Even when it comes to setting up events, such as birthday parties and baby showers, it’s so much easier to just create a Facebook group, invite all of your friends, and within a day you can know who is and isn’t coming, all while letting them know where and when the party will be.

7. Paper Maps and Directions

A long, long time ago, you used to have to travel the open road without a British accent coming from your phone telling you what to do, where to turn, and yelling at you when you needed to re-route! You needed paper maps and had to draw out your route before even setting out on your trip. I don’t miss those days at all.

GPS is the best thing to ever happen. You can never get lost. You just get in your car and drive to the destination you need to get to, no questions asked. Sick of the traffic? You can find an alternate route, and your GPS will let you know what the traffic is like on those roads. There is nothing more amazing than this, and it doesn’t even cost extra. A – MAZ – ING.

8. Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

On everybody’s shelf growing up were two of the most important resources you could own; an encyclopedia set and a dictionary. These were your lifeline to knowledge. Just think about how you had to solve arguments back in the day:

Person 1: “Didn’t the British and Americans have a tea party back in the 1700s to resolve all of their disputes?”
Person 2: “Uhhhhh, no, I’m like 100% sure that is definitely not what happened.”
Person 1: “Let me consult my T encyclopedia!”

Now people can solve arguments in seconds with the power of Google. Seconds! Smartphones make you smarter. It’s science.

9. Radios/Walkmans/CD Players

The evolution of listening to music has been a great one. The radio had been around forever, and then all of a sudden you were popping your favorite tapes into your Walkman and rocking out in your neon-colored sweater and acid-washed jeans. Then came the CD player. The only thing you had to worry about with that was it skipping (hello shockproof CD players) and scratching your CD.




Now all music is digital, and it is amazing. You can choose to download all of your favorite songs and they will copy to all of your other smart devices, or you can even just choose to stream your favorite genre of music using Pandora, Spotify, YouTube, and more. I’ll admit, Walkmans were cool in the 80s, but it doesn’t even compare to having music on the one device you carry with you everywhere… your phone.

10. Brick and Mortar Stores

Ah yes, the brick and mortar. Growing up, in order to buy what you wanted, you only had two choices: Stay in town and shop at the local brick and mortar, or drive to a city and go to the shopping mall. It was great to support your local stores, but they didn’t carry everything you wanted. Also, having to pay your bills in the store every month was pretty inconvenient, too.

Now when you really want something, you have every option, from every store, right from your smart device. I still believe you should shop local and support your local economy, but when you’re really dying for that new pair of Nikes, you gotta do what you gotta do, and that would be to go to their online store and purchase them that minute! Also, online bill pay rules. Your bills being automatically paid for each month without having to waste a letter, stamp, or time. Yes, please.

11. High School Reunions

Remember when people used to go to High School reunions to catch up with their classmates, see what’s new, where they’re working, who they’re married to, how many kids they have, who makes the most money, yadda, yadda, yadda?




Now… Facebook.

12. Printed Photos

Do you all remember the times when you had to take a photo into your local photo development center, wait a couple of days, and then finally see how they turned out?! You would then stuff all of these photos into separate photobooks (one for vacations, one for birthdays, and one for celebrations) to share with friends and family in person.

Now you’re able to take a selfie with every meal you’re eating, every day, if you’d like, and share them with all of your friends across all of your favorite social networks. #chickenmcnuggets
In all seriousness, it is pretty awesome how easy it is to be able to share all of your memories. As they say, a picture is worth a thousand words. Now your friends and family can share in your precious moments every step of the way.

13. Cookbooks

A book full of people’s favorite recipes? Is there anything better than that? You used them to spice up your supper life, and even to learn how to cook in general, after you thumbed through all of the appropriate pages.

Except there is something better than cookbooks. Finding any recipe possible online, submitted by people all across the world, just by searching for a keyword. Discover new recipes, save your favorites, and even create a shopping list of all the ingredients you need.

Smartphones are such fantastic devices. They have helped to keep your loved ones easier to stay in contact with, make your job easier, make life more fun, and even make you smarter (kind of), with all the answers right at your fingertips. Would you go back to the old days before the Internet and smartphones, or are you excited to see what is yet to come?

Careers in ISRO – Mahendragiri

S.No. Name of the Post Starting Date Engind Date  
1 Technical Assistant (Mechanical) 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
2 Technical Assistant (Electronics & Communication) 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
3 Technical Assistant (Electrical) 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
4 Technical Assistant (Computer Science) 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
5 Technical Assistant (Civil) 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
6 Technician ‘B’ (Fitter) 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
7 Technician ‘B’ (Electronic Mechanic) 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
8 Technician ‘B’ (Welder) 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
9 Technician ‘B’ (Refrigeration & AC) 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
10 Technician ‘B’ (Electrician) 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
11 Technician ‘B’ (Plumber) 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
12 Draughtsman ‘B’ (Civil) 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
13 Heavy Vehicle Driver ‘A’ 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
14 Light Vehicle Driver ‘A’ 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  
15 Fireman ‘A’ 27-03-2023 24-04-2023  

Detailed Notification(English)

FAQs English

Annexure AAnnexure B

Detailed Notification(Hindi)

FAQs Hindi

Click here to Apply Online

Samajavaragamana Song Lyrics

  •  Song:  Samajavaragamana
  •  Lyricist:  Sirivennela Seetharama Sastry
  •  Singers:  Sid Sriram

నీ కాళ్ళని పట్టుకు వదలనన్నవి చూడే నా కళ్ళు
ఆ చూపులనలా తొక్కుకు వెళ్లకు దయలేదా అసలు

నీ కాళ్లన్ని పట్టుకు వదలనన్నవి చూడే నా కళ్ళు
ఆ చూపులనళ్ళ తొక్కుకు వెళ్లకు దయలేదా అసలు
నీ కళ్ళకి కావలి కాస్తాయే కాటుకల నా కళలు
నువ్వు నులుముతుంటే ఎర్రగా కంది చిందేనే సెగలు
నా ఊపిరి గాలికి ఉయ్యాలలా ఊగుతూ ఉంటె ముంగురులు
నువ్వు నెట్టేస్తే ఎలా నిట్టూర్చవట్టె నిష్టూరపు విలవిలలు

సామజవరగమనా నిను చూసి ఆగ గలనా
మనసు మీద వయసుకున్న అదుపు చెప్ప తగునా
సామజవరగమనా నిను చూసి ఆగ గలనా
మనసు మీద వయసుకున్న అదుపు చెప్ప తగునా

నీ కాళ్లన్ని పట్టుకు వదలనన్నవి చూడే నా కళ్ళు
ఆ చూపులనలా తొక్కుకు వెళ్లకు దయలేదా అసలు

మల్లెల మాసమా మంజుల హాసమా ప్రతి మలుపులోన ఎదురు పడిన వెన్నెల వనమా
విరిసిన పించేమా విరుల ప్రపంచమా ఎన్నెన్ని వన్నె చిన్నెలంటే ఎన్నగ వశమా
అరేయ్ నా గాలే తగిలినా నా నీడే తరిమినా
ఉలకవా పలకవా భామా
ఎంతో బ్రతిమాలినా ఇంతేనా అంగన
మదిని మీటు మధురమైన మనవిని వినుమా

సామజవరగమనా నిను చూసి ఆగ గలనా
మనసు మీద వయసుకున్న అదుపు చెప్ప తగునా
సామజవరగమనా నిను చూసి ఆగ గలనా
మనసు మీద వయసుకున్న అదుపు చెప్ప తగునా

నీ కాళ్లన్ని పట్టుకు వదలనన్నవి చూడే నా కళ్ళు
ఆ చూపులనలా తొక్కుకు వెళ్లకు దయలేదా అసలు
నీ కళ్ళకి కావలి కాస్తా యే కాటుకల నా కళలు
నువ్వు నులుముతుంటే ఎర్రగా కంది చిందేనే సెగలు…

Sadhuvu in a Party (Joke)


ఓ సాధువు ఓ పార్టీకి వెళ్ళాడు
అక్కడ అంతా బాగా తాగి ఉన్నారు,
అక్కడున్న వారంతా సాధువు వేషం చూసి అతడిని ఆటపట్టించసాగారు

నాయనా నేను ఓ సాధువును,నాకు కోపం తెప్పించకండి,శపించగలను అన్నాడు

వారు అతని మాటలు పట్టించుకోకుండా అరే పాగల్ గా శపిస్తవా శపించురా చూద్దాం బావురు గడ్డమూ నువ్వూనూ నీ అయ్య అని నవ్వసాగారు

సాధువుకి చాలా కోపం వచ్చింది

అకస్మాత్తుగా సాధువుని చూసి నవ్విన వారందరి కళ్ళూ పోయాయి

వారు తమ తప్పు తెలుసుకుని అతని కాళ్ళ మీద పడి ఏడవసాగారు

స్వామీ మీ మహిమ తెలియక హేళన చేశాం
మా తప్పు మన్నించండి
మా కళ్ళు మాకు ప్రసాదించండి
అని వేడుకున్నారు

అప్పుడు సాధువు పలికాడు

అరేయ్ మీకు బాగా ఎక్కేసిందిరా
నేను మిమ్మల్ని శపించలేదు మీ కళ్ళూ పోలేదు కరెంటు పోయింది నాకూ కనపడట్లేదు
కింద పడేలా ఉన్నా నా కాళ్ళు వదలండిరా ..

ఎవరైనా వెళ్ళి జనరేటర్ ఆన్ చేయండి లేవండి పొండి….


EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023 Notification PDF Out For 2859 Vacancies

EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023 Notification PDF is out on 24 March 2023 for the post of SSA and Stenographer posts. Candidates can check the complete details of EPFO Recruitment 2023

EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023
EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023 has been released by the Employees’ Provident Fund Organization on its official website, @ There is a total of 2859 vacancies for the post of Social Security Assistant (SSA) & Stenographer in the EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023. The online registration for the EPFO Recruitment 2023 for SSA and Stenographers will start on 27 March. Here, candidates can check the complete details related to the EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023.

EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023
EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023 has been released by the Employees’ Provident Fund Organization on its official website, @ There is a total of 2859 vacancies for the post of Social Security Assistant (SSA) & Stenographer in the EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023. The online registration for the EPFO Recruitment 2023 for SSA and Stenographers will start on 27 March. Here, candidates can check the complete details related to the EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023.

EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023 Download Notification PDF

EPFO Stenographer Recruitment 2023 Download Notification PDF

EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023: Important Dates
Interested & eligible candidates can check all the important dates of EPFO Stenographer & SSA Recruitment 2023 in the given below table.

EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023:

Important Dates
EPFO Recruitment 2023 Notification 22 March 2023
EPFO Recruitment 2023 Notification PDF 24 March 2023
EPFO Recruitment Apply Online Start Date 27 March 2023
EPFO Recruitment Last Date To Apply 26 April 2023
EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023: Apply Online Link
EPFO Recruitment 2023 Apply Online Link will be active on 27 March 2023 on the official website of Employees’ Provident Fund Organization

All eligible candidates will be able to apply online from 27 March 2023 to 26 April 2023 from the direct link provided below, after it will be activated officially.

EPFO Recruitment 2023 Apply Online Link (Active on 27 March 2023)

Vacancy Details
Social Security Assistant 2674
Stenographer 185
Total 2859

Vacancy Details
EPFO  has announced the total number of 2859 vacancies for the post of SSA & Stenographer post. Here candidates can check the post-wise vacancy details in given below table.

Eligibility Criteria
Eligibility criteria are one of the most important factors in any recruitment which include age limit, education qualification & typing speed. Here we have provided the post-wise eligibility criteria for EPFO Recruitment 2023.

Education Qualification
Candidates can check post-wise education qualification & typing speed for the EPFO Recruitment 2023 in the given below table.

Education Qualification
Posts Qualification
Social Security Assistant Candidates must have Bachelor’s Degree from a recognized university

Typing Speed

English: 35 WPM
Hindi: 30 WPM

Candidate must be 12th class pass from a recognized board

Skill Test 

Dictation: Ten minutes at the rate of eighty WPM

Transcription: Fifty minutes (English) and Sixty Five minutes (Hindi).

EPFO Recruitment 2023:

Age Limit
Candidates can check the minimum & maximum age limits (as on 26 April 2023) for the post of Social Security Assistant & Stenographer under the EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023 in the given below table.

Age Limit
Minimum Age 18y and Maximum Age 27y

Application Fees
Here we have provided the category-wise application fees for EPFO SSA Recruitment 2023 in given below table.

Application Fees
ST/SC/PwBD/Female/Ex-Servicemen Nil
All Other Rs. 700/-

Selection Process
The selection process for EPFO Recruitment 2023 for the post of Social Security Assistant will include the following stages:

Stage- I : Computer Based Examination (Phase-I)
Stage II :Computer Typing Test (Phase-II) (Computer Data Entry Test)
To qualify for the vacancies of Stenographer, aspirants will have to clear the following stages of the recruitment process.

Stage- I : Computer Based Examination (Phase-I)
Stage II: Skill Test in Stenography((Phase-II)

Employees’ Provident Fund Organization released the recruitment notification along with the salary details on 24 March 2023. All those candidates who wish to apply for EPFO SSA Notification Recruitment 2023 must be aware of EPFO SSA & Stenographer salary, which is provided below.

Social Security Assistant Rs. 29,200-92,300/-
Stenographer Rs. 25,500-81,100/-

EPFO SSA Mock Typing Test Link

How to get paid by website

There are several ways to get paid by a website, depending on the nature of the website and the payment methods it supports. Here are some common ways to get paid by a website:

  1. E-commerce platforms: If you run an online store, you can integrate payment gateways like PayPal, Stripe, or Square to accept credit/debit card payments from customers. These platforms charge a fee per transaction, but they are secure and widely used.
  2. Ad networks: If you run a website that generates traffic, you can join ad networks like Google AdSense or, which will place ads on your website and pay you for clicks or impressions. Ad networks typically have minimum traffic requirements, and the revenue you earn depends on your niche, audience, and ad placement.
  3. Affiliate marketing: If you have a website that promotes products or services, you can join affiliate programs offered by companies and earn a commission for each sale or lead you generate. Affiliate networks like Amazon Associates, CJ Affiliate, or ShareASale are popular options.
  4. Subscription-based models: If you offer premium content, services, or tools on your website, you can set up a subscription model that charges users a recurring fee. You can use payment gateways like Stripe, PayPal, or Braintree to handle the billing and payment processing.
  5. Donations: If you run a non-profit organization or a personal blog, you can accept donations from your audience through platforms like PayPal Giving Fund, Patreon, or GoFundMe.

In general, it’s important to choose a payment method that is secure, user-friendly, and convenient for your audience. You should also check the fees, transaction limits, and integration options of each payment method to ensure it meets your needs.

Kitty O’Neil

Kitty O’Neil
Description: Kitty ONeil-SMI Motivator-1976.jpg O’Neil and the SMI Motivator, Oregon 1976
BornMarch 24, 1946 Corpus Christi, Texas, U.S.
DiedNovember 2, 2018 (aged 72) Eureka, South Dakota, U.S.
Occupation(s)Stuntwoman, race car driver

Kitty Linn O’Neil (March 24, 1946 – November 2, 2018) was an American stuntwoman and racer, given the title as “the fastest woman in the world”. An illness in early childhood left her deaf, and more illnesses in early adulthood cut short a career in diving. O’Neil’s career as a stuntwoman and race driver led to her depiction in a television movie and as an action figure. Her women’s absolute land speed record stood until 2019. “My mother pushed me to read lips,” she told People magazine in 1977, “but she didn’t push me in sports – I did that myself. Because I was deaf, I had a very positive mental attitude. You have to show people you can do anything.” That is the reason she did took up diving, with great success. Her coach Sammy Lee said she snapped up trophies “like hungry fish”.

Early life

Kitty Linn O’Neil was born in Corpus Christi, Texas on March 24, 1946.[2] John O’Neil, her father, was an officer in the United States Army Air Forces, who had been an oil wildcatter. He died in an airplane crash during Kitty’s childhood. Her mother, Patsy Compton O’Neil, was native Cherokee. At five months of age, O’Neil contracted simultaneous childhood diseases,[nb 1][5] losing her hearing. After her deafness became apparent at the age of two, her mother taught her lip-reading and speech, eventually becoming a speech therapist and co-founding a school for students with hearing impairment in Wichita Falls, Texas.

As a teenager, Kitty became a competitive 10-meter platform diver and 3-meter springboard diver, winning Amateur Athletic Union diving championships.[1] She trained beginning in 1962 with diving coach Sammy Lee. Before the trials for the 1964 Olympics, she broke her wrist and contracted spinal meningitis, threatening her ability to walk and ending her contention for a position on the Olympic diving team.[6][2] She competed in 100m backstroke and 100m freestyle swimming at the 1965 Summer Deaflympics.[7] After recovering from meningitis, she lost interest in diving, and turned to water skiingscuba divingskydiving and hang gliding, stating that diving “wasn’t scary enough for me”.[8] In her late 20s, she underwent two treatments for cancer.[9][8]

Racing and stunt career[edit]

By 1970, O’Neil had taken up racing on water and land, participating in the Baja 500 and Mint 400. She met stuntmen Hal Needham and Ron Hambleton while racing motorcycles, and lived with Hambleton,[nb 2] giving up racing for a time. In the mid-1970s, she entered stunt work, training with Needham, Hambleton and Dar Robinson. In 1976, she became the first woman to perform with Stunts Unlimited, the leading stunt agency. As a stuntwoman, she appeared in The Bionic WomanAirport ’77The Blues BrothersSmokey and the Bandit II and other television and movie productions. In 1978, her stunt career inspired a Kitty O’Neil action figure, made by Mattel.[8]

In filming for a 1979 episode of Wonder Woman, O’Neil was hired to perform a stunt of high difficulty for Jeannie EpperLynda Carter‘s usual stunt double. In the process, she set a women’s high-fall record of 127 feet (39 m) at the 12-story Valley Hilton in Sherman Oaks, California. She credited her small size, at 5’-2″ and 97 pounds (44 kg), for allowing her to withstand impact forces. She later broke her record with a 180-foot (55 m) fall from a helicopter. In 1977, O’Neil set a women’s record for speed on water of 275 miles per hour (443 km/h), and she held a 1970 women’s water skiing record of 104.85 miles per hour (168.74 km/h).[6][2][1]

Land speed record[edit]

On 6 December 1976, in southeastern Oregon‘s Alvord Desert, O’Neil set the land-speed record for female drivers. She piloted a $350,000 (equivalent to $1.7 million in 2021) hydrogen peroxide powered three-wheeled rocket car built by Bill Fredrick called the “SMI Motivator”. It reached an average speed of 512.710 mph (825.127 km/h), with a peak speed of 621 miles per hour (999 km/h).

O’Neil’s runs reportedly used 60% of the available thrust, and O’Neil estimated that she could have exceeded 700 miles per hour (1,100 km/h) with full power.[6][9][10][11]

Attempt prevented by sponsors[edit]

Restrained by her contract, O’Neil struggled with sponsors at the time. She was contracted to break only the women’s land speed record, and was obligated to allow Hal Needham to set the overall record. According to her contract, she was not supposed to exceed 400 miles per hour (640 km/h). Needham’s sponsor, toy company Marvin Glass and Associates, was preparing a Hal Needham action figure and obtained an injunction to stop further runs by O’Neil.[8] A spokesman was reported (incorrectly according to Sports Illustrated) to say it is “unbecoming and degrading for a woman to set a land speed record.” Needham did not set a record or even drive the car, and a legal effort by O’Neil and Hambleton to allow O’Neil another attempt failed. The sponsors received negative publicity for removing O’Neil from the car, and the Needham action figures were not marketed.[11]

Later years and death[edit]

In 1977 in the Mojave Desert, O’Neil piloted a hydrogen peroxide-powered rocket dragster built by Ky Michaelson with an average speed of 279.5 mph (449.8 km/h). Since the run was not repeated according to NHRA rules, it is not recognized as an official drag racing record.[9]

In 1979, O’Neil’s experiences served as the basis for a biographical movie Silent Victory: The Kitty O’Neil Story, starring Stockard Channing. O’Neil commented that about half of the movie was an accurate depiction.[6][8]

O’Neil stepped away from stunt and speed work in 1982 after stunt colleagues were killed while performing. She moved to Minneapolis with Michaelson, and eventually moved to Eureka, South Dakota, with Raymond Wald. When she retired, O’Neil had set 22 speed records on land and water.[9]

She died on November 2, 2018, of pneumonia in Eureka, South Dakota, at age 72.[6] In 2019, she received the Oscars in Memoriam award.[12]


On 24 March 2023, Google celebrated Kitty O’Neil’s 77th birthday with a doodle